+27 (0) 041 373 0871 Port Elizabeth  


Voetstoots Clause in Deed of Sale

Almost every Deed of Sale/Offer to Purchase relating to the sale of immovable property contains a clause stating that the property is sold “voetstoots” (as is/as it stands). What is the effect of such a clause? Under the common law […]

Read More


One of the first articles that I wrote for this newspaper, which appeared in the Property Post of 2 August 2003 dealt with “voetstoots” sales and latent defects (this earlier article can be viewed on my firm’s website  […]

Read More

Options and Rights of First Refusal

The terms “option” and “right of pre-emption” (more commonly known as a “right of first refusal”), are often confused by persons involved in property transactions. There is a significant difference between granting or receiving an option to buy or sell […]

Read More

Witnessing of Contracts

In previous columns I set out some basic guidelines relating to the signing and completion of deeds of sale relating to the sale of property and the formalities that have to be complied with to ensure that such contracts are […]

Read More

Breach of Contract

What remedies does a party to a deed of sale have if the other party fails to fulfil his or her contractual obligations?

The first step to be taken under such circumstances is to consider the wording of the clause […]

Read More

Duty to Disclose

In a previous article I dealt with the legal implications of “voetstoots” sales. As a general rule, the voetstoots clause in a Deed of Sale excludes the seller’s liability for latent defects such as leaking roofs, […]

Read More

Legal Implications of Contracts

When disputes arise between sellers and purchasers of immovable property regarding the terms and conditions contained in the deed of sale I am often told by such persons that they didn’t understand the legal implications and consequences of the contract […]

Read More

Suspensive Conditions

Most sales of immovable property are concluded subject to one or more suspensive conditions. One of the legal definitions of a suspensive condition is that it is a condition which suspends the operation or effect of one or more of […]

Read More

Blank Spaces in Contract

I was recently involved in attempting to resolve a dispute between a Seller and a Purchaser relating to the “blank spaces” in a deed of sale. All standard deeds of sale used by estate agents contain blank spaces which have […]

Read More